The Government adopted a resolution on the establishment of a long-term programme - "Solidarity Transport Hub Investment Programme. Stage I. 2020-2023”, submitted by the Government Plenipotentiary for the Solidarity Transport Hub.
Solidarity Transport Hub is a new transport system for Poland, including the construction of the Solidarity Hub - a central airport for Poland and a transfer hub for Central and Eastern Europe - located 37 km from the center of Warsaw. The investment will also cover a network of 1,800 km of railway lines and 400 km of new expressways.
The government wants to create a universal passenger transport system by building and operating a profitable, modern transport hub, which will be ranked in the top ten of the best airports in the world. It is also about rebuilding the national rail transport system as an attractive alternative to road transport. This system will cover all areas of Poland, while ensuring the development and permanent integration of the Warsaw and Łódź agglomerations.
The projects comprising the airport part are to be completed by the end of 2027.
Along with the new interchange, over 530 km of new railway lines will be launched, including:
- Warsaw - CPK - Łódź - Sieradz - Wrocław - Wałbrzych - border with the Czech Republic route,
- travel time from the capital city to Rzeszów and Zamość will be shortened,
- trains will return, among others to Łomża thanks to the extension of the railway line from Ostrołęka.
Projects relating to the railway part are to be implemented by the end of 2034, in the next two EU financial perspectives.
Due to the complexity of the undertakings included in the STH investment program, its implementation is divided into stages.
- The adopted multiannual programme covers stage I for the period 2020-2023.
- The task of 1st stage - a preparatory stage - is to implement, among others works related to planning and developing design assumptions. In 2020, the CPK will start the real estate purchasing process.
- In 2021, the airport master plan draft will be prepared and an application for a decision on environmental conditions will be submitted. In 2023, the following will be prepared: an environmental impact report and a multi-branch architectural concept of the passenger terminal. Also in 2023, the investor plans to obtain a location decision.
- The total cost of financing the 1st stage of the STH was estimated at approximately PLN 12.8 billion. The program does not require the involvement of funds from the state budget in 2020-2023. Most of the investments will be made of Treasury securities issued for this purpose.
Solidarity Port will be part of STH - a node connecting air, rail and road transport. The investment includes not only a new hub airport, but also an integrated railway station.
An airport city will be built around the airport, containing business centers, hotels, parking lots, service buildings and logistics centers.
According to the current assumptions, in the first phase, the airport will have two runways, capable of handling 400,000 air operations per year, and a passenger terminal with a capacity of up to 45 million passengers per year. The airport area will enable the expansion of the infrastructure to four runways and 100 million passengers per year.
Investments will be carried out by:
Centralny Port Komunikacyjny sp. z o.o. (Solidarity Transport Hub Ltd.) - for the construction of new railway lines with a length of approx. 1800 km. By 2023, it is planned to complete the preparatory work for the length of 1600 km.
PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe S.A. - for the modernization of the existing railway lines it manages, as well as the construction of new sections as part of the projects currently under preparation and of a short sections, supplementing the existing network.
Railway Institute - in terms of increasing the potential of research infrastructure.
Railway investments will include:
Spoke no. 1 (STH - Kołobrzeg / Koszalin / Słupsk / Gdańsk), connecting STH and Warsaw with Płock and important centers of the Pomeranian voivodeships (Tricity and Słupsk), Kuyavian-Pomeranian (Bydgoszcz, Toruń, Włocławek and Grudziądz) and Central Pomerania (Słupsk, Koszalin and Kołobrzeg). It can also be used to service Elbląg.
Spoke no. 2 (STH - Olsztyn), connecting the STH and Warsaw with Olsztyn. The result will be a shortening of the distance of the railway line for long-distance traffic on the Warsaw - Nasielsk section (better line geometry and ultimately higher maximum speed of trains and shorter travel time).
Spoke no. 3 (STH - Ostrołęka - Łomża - Giżycko / Białystok - Trakiszki (border) / Kuźnica Białostocka (border)), which is a connection of STH and Warsaw with the Masurian region, Podlaskie Voivodeship and - in foreign relations - with the Baltic countries (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia), Belarus and Russia.
Spoke no. 4 (STH - Siedlce - Terespol (border)), connecting the STH and Warsaw with the eastern part of the Masovian Voivodeship and the northern part of the Lubelskie Voivodeship.
Spoke no. 5 (STH - Lublin - Chełm (border) / Zamość - Bełżec (border)), connecting STH and Warsaw with important centers of the Lubelskie Voivodeship.
Spoke no. 6 (STH - Radom - Rzeszów - Sanok), which is a connection of STH and Warsaw with the southern part of the Masovian Voivodeship, the north-east of the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship and the Podkarpackie Voivodeship.
Spoke no. 7 (STH - Katowice - PL/CZ border / Kraków - Zakopane / Muszyna - PL/SK border / Kielce - Tarnów - Nowy Sącz / Skarżysko-Kamienna), connecting STH and Warsaw with the southern part of the country and neighboring countries (Czech Republic, Slovakia) and through the planned high-speed lines also with Austria, Hungary and further south.
Spoke no. 8 (STH - Piotrków Tryb. - Częstochowa - Opole - Kłodzko), connecting STH and Warsaw with the northern part of the Śląskie Voivodeship, the Opolskie voivodeship and the Kotlina Kłodzka, with the possibility of extending via Międzylesie to the Czech Republic.
Spoke no. 9 (STH - Łódź - Sieradz - Wrocław - Wałbrzych - PL/CZ border / Kalisz - Poznań - Szczecin / Ostrów Wlkp, - Zielona Góra / PL/DE border / Gorzów Wielkopolski), connecting the STH and Warsaw with important centers of Western Poland and with the Czech Republic (HSR line to Prague) and Germany.
Spoke no. 10 (STH - Łowicz - Kutno - Koło - Poznań), which is a connection of STH and Warsaw with Poznań and the western and north-western part of the country.
Spoke no. 11 (Szczecin - Szczecin-Goleniów Airport), connecting Szczecin with the airport in Goleniów.
Spoke no. 12 (Stalowa Wola - Lublin - Biała Podlaska - Białystok), which is a connection among the largest cities in eastern Poland (Rzeszów, Lublin, Białystok) and numerous towns in this part of the country deprived of efficient rail transport.
Investments will be carried out by the GDDKiA (General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways).
- Construction of the ring road of the Warsaw Agglomeration (OAW): an expressway or motorway standard ring running approximately 40-50 km from the center of Warsaw, in in the immediate vicinity of the STH Airport. This road will facilitate access from directions other than those served by A2 motorway.
- Construction of the S10 road connecting OAW with the A1 motorway near Toruń. S10 links the STH with the Płock region and the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodship as well as a section of the A1 motorway, and will significantly improve the functioning of the road network in the western part of the Mazovian Voivodship.
- Expansion of the A2 motorway on the Łódź - Warsaw section with an additional lane in each direction.
The resolution comes into force on the day of its adoption.